When did Industry 4.0 begin?

Introducing Industry 4.0 to the public

The term Industry 4.0 was first publicly introduced in 2011 as “Industry 4.0” by a group of representatives from different fields (such as business, politics, and academia) under an initiative to enhance the German competitiveness in the manufacturing industry. The German federal government adopted the idea in its High-Tech Strategy for 2020. Subsequently, a Working Group was formed to further advise on the implementation of Industry 4.0.

Following that, a German government memo was released in 2013 and was one of the first times that ‘Industry 4.0’ was formally introduced. The high-tech strategy document outlined a plan to almost entirely computerize the manufacturing industry without the need for human involvement.

Angela Merkel, the German chancellor, spoke of the concept in January 2015 at the World Economic Forum in Davos, calling ‘Industry 4.0’ the way that we “deal quickly with the fusion of the online world and the world of industrial production.” The German government started with investing 200 million euros to encourage research across academia, business, and government. Parallel to that, big German corporates and SMEs are investing some 650 million euros to speed up the development of ICT & “Industry 4.0” related technologies. The German Companies plan to invest around 10.9 billion euros in the evolution of “Industry 4.0” in the upcoming ten years.

Since the German announcement back in 2011, many other countries immediately realized the value of “Industry 4.0” concept and technologies and embarked efforts to develop it and participate in shaping it. Following to German government initiative, and in 2012, the US started the Smart Manufacturing Leadership Coalition (SMLC). SMLC is NGO combining manufacturers, suppliers, technology firms, government agencies, universities, and laboratories that all have the common goal of advancing the way of thinking behind “Industry 4.0”.

Additional Task: https://h5p.org/node/705132