What is Industry 4.0?

What is Industry 4.0?

Industry 4.0 (also known as the 4th Industrial Revolution), is the trend towards automation and data exchange in manufacturing technologies and processes which include cyber-physical systems (CPS), the internet of things (IoT), industrial internet of things (IIOT), cloud computing, cognitive computing and artificial intelligence.
The characteristics given for the Industry 4.0 strategy is the customization of products under the conditions of highly flexible mass – production.

What does the concept include?

The concept includes:

  • Smart manufacturing
  • Smart factory
  • Lights out (manufacturing) also known as dark factories
  • Industrial internet of things also called internet of things for manufacturing


Principles in Industry 4.0

There are four design principles in Industry 4.0:

Interconnection: The ability of machines, devices, sensors, and people to connect and communicate with each other via the Internet of Things (IoT) or the Internet of People (IoP)
Information transparency: The transparency afforded by Industry 4.0 technology provides operators with immense amounts of useful information needed to make appropriate decisions.
Technical assistance: Firstly, the ability of assistance systems to support humans by visualizing information comprehensively for making informed decisions and solving urgent problems on short notice. And Secondly, the ability of cyber physical systems to physically support humans by conducting a number of tasks that are too exhausting, or unsafe.
Decentralised decisions: The ability of cyber physical systems to make decisions on their own and to perform their tasks as autonomously as possible.

Additional Task: https://h5p.org/node/705021